Can you imagine a life with fewer eyelashes or bald eyelids? Probably you can’t. This may happen to you with frequent use of fake eyelashes; the main culprit is the glue for attaching the eyelashes which sometimes pulls out the natural eyelash along with the fake one and may also cause an eye infection.
Eyelashes protect the eyes from dust, infections or injuries. Eyelashes are replaced every three months. Loss of one to five eyelashes daily is normal, but facial burns, injury, and chemotherapy may cause a rapid decline of eyelashes. Certain health conditions are also responsible for the reduction in eyelashes, which include:
Madarosis patients tend to show low confidence and self-esteem because of their appearance.
TYPES AND PROCESS OF TRANSPLANT
The first eyelash transplant was carried out in San Paulo, Brazil. It is a challenging procedure that requires precision and experience, as placing the hair follicles at the right angles is a must for the desired natural look. Eyelash transplant works well for the upper eyelid but not on the lower eyelid. The lower eyelash transplant tends to grow straight and are difficult to trim and curl. The procedure becomes complicated in an accident patient as the damaged eyelid may have to be reconstructed by a plastic surgeon and then the eyelash transplant can be considered.
Eyelash transplant is recommended in people with severe hair loss and; least preferred for a cosmetic purpose (usually a desire for longer eyelashes), which can be achieved by medicinal conditioners as well.
Types of eyelash transplant include:
FOLLICULAR UNIT TRANSPLANT:
Follicular unit transplant is also known as the strip harvesting method. It is a popular hair grafting technique and has been used for a long time. It involves the use of hair follicles (removal of a strip of hair) from the back of the patient’s head (donor site) and transplanted onto the eyelid margin. Local anesthesia is used to numb the scalp area as well as the eyelid margin.
Sutures are applied on the donor site with some visible scarring in the patients with less hair. Usually, 25 to 60 hair follicles are transplanted in the upper eyelid. The procedure takes 3 to 4 hours approximately. Transplanted eyelashes fall off at around two weeks and regrow at three to four months and continue to grow for life.
The eyelash transplants are reviewed after a year or six months, wherein the success rate is evaluated by counting the number of new hair follicles formed.
FOLLICULAR UNIT EXTRACTION:
It is an advanced version of follicular unit transplant and involves no sutures and has shorter recovery time. Hair follicles can also be taken from other parts of the body. Even the finest hair from the back of the neck can be transplanted. The hair which is taken from the back of the head and nape area is coarse and tend to grow straight rapidly, which requires regular trimming (every 2-3 weeks after regrowth). Nowadays, leg hair can also be used as eyelash transplants.
Using leg hair is advantageous over the other hair as it doesn’t need curling and frequent trimming (only required every 5-6 weeks after regrowth). Moreover, this gives a more natural look in comparison to other hair.
Local anesthesia is injected in the cornea and the eyelid margin. Individual hair follicles (around 60 follicles for each eyelid) with almost all the extra skin removed, are then implanted onto the eyelid margin.
Customized hypodermic needles are used to create curved slits in the eyelid margin to give a natural eyelash curl which minimizes Trichiasis (infection due to constant rubbing of eyes when the eyelashes grow towards the cornea). The procedure takes 3 to 4 hours approximately. The leg hair area heals sooner than the other donor areas. Transplanted eyelashes fall off at around a week and regrow at three to four months and continue to grow for life.
Post-surgery care depends on the technique used for an eyelash transplant and may include the following:
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS:
The cost of the eyelash transplant depends on the number of eyelashes transplanted, preferred hospital and the country. Eyelash transplant is an aesthetically challenging technique that requires an experienced and skilful hand. So it’s essential to choose the right clinic and a right surgeon.
Eyelash implants fall off around a week or two and then regrow at around three to four months and continue for life. In follicular unit extraction procedure using leg hair, a natural look is obtained without the need for curling and frequent trimming of eyelashes.
Yes, permanent eyelashes do exist, with the help of eyelash transplants. It is a painless three to four- hour procedure that involves taking hair follicles from a person’s body part (hair from the back of the head, nape or leg) and implanting into the eyelid margin.
A lash lift is like having a “lash perm” that lifts and curls the eyelashes along with the use of keratin solution. The keratin solution may cause a temporary loss of hair and a more rigid lash hair. To reduce such instances, choose an experienced and licensed healthcare practitioner and discuss any skin allergies as well as the desired outcome before the procedure. It is equally essential to be informed about the chemicals that will be used during the process.
Yes, you can shower with the eyelash extensions but not immediately after the procedure. Usually, 48 hours of wait is needed to completely dry and fix the glue, used for sticking the eyelash extensions. But even after completely drying, avoid rubbing the eyes when wet, instead dab with a towel around the eyes.
Professional eyelash glue lasts the longest as it can withstand high levels of humidity and heat. It may also be water resistant. Though the price is high, it has got more quantity in comparison to other available glues. But remember to choose an adhesive that suits your skin type as it may cause skin irritation and also damage your natural eyelashes, if not removed properly.
It depends on the glue used. Usually, a non-professional glue tends to detach itself from the fake eyelash while asleep, and may also cause eye irritation or infection when left for long hours. So, it is better to remove it and reuse a cleaned fake eyelash in the morning.